Tables can be produced in LaTeX using the tabular environment. For example, the text

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is coded in LaTeX as follows:
The first five International Congresses of Mathematicians
were held in the following cities:
The \begin{tabular} command must be followed by a string of characters enclosed within braces which specifies the format of the table. In the above example, the string {lll} is a format specification for a table with three columns of left-justified text. Within the body of the table the ampersand character & is used to separate columns of text within each row, and the double backslash \\ is used to separate the rows of the table.

The next example shows how to obtain a table with vertical and horizontal lines. The table

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is coded in LaTeX as follows:
In this example the format specification {|r|r|} after \begin{tabular} specifies that the table should consist of two columns of right-justified text, with vertical lines to the left and to the right of the table, and between columns.

Within the body of the table, the command \hline produces a horizontal line; this command can only be placed between the format specification and the body of the table (to produce a line along the top of the table) or immediately after a row separator (to produce a horizontal line between rows or at the bottom of the table).

In a tabular environment, the format specification after \begin{tabular} should consist of one or more of the following, enclosed within braces { and }:

l specifies a column of left-justified text
c specifies a column of centred text
r specifies a column of right-justified text
p{width} specifies a left-justified column of the given width
| inserts a vertical line between columns
@{text} inserts the given text between columns

A string str of characters in the format specification can be repeated num times using the construction *{num}{str}. For example, a table with 15 columns of right-justified text enclosed within vertical lines can be produced using the format specification {|*{15}{r|}}.

If additional vertical space is required between rows of the table, then this can be produced by specifying the amount of space within square brackets after \\. For example, one would use \\[6pt] to separate two rows of the table by 6 points of blank space.

A horizontal line in a table from column i to column j inclusive can be produced using \cline{i-j}. For example \cline{3-5} produces a horizontal line spanning columns 3, 4 and 5 of some table.

A command of the form \multicolumn{num}{fmt}{text} can be used within the body of a table to produce an entry spanning several columns. Here num specifies the number of columns to be spanned, fmt specifies the format for the entry (e.g., l if the entry is to be left-justified entry, or c if the entry is to be centred), and text is the text of the entry.

Many of these features are used in typesetting the table

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which is coded in LaTeX as follows:
1st Person&at me&\textbf{agam}&at us&\textbf{againn}\\
2nd Person&at you&\textbf{agat}&at you&\textbf{agaibh}\\
3rd Person&at him&\textbf{aige}&at them&\textbf{acu}\\
 &at her&\textbf{aici}& & \\