Hamilton's Papers on Real Analysis
William Rowan Hamilton's most substantial paper on real analysis
is On Fluctuating Functions, which
is concerned largely with ideas from Fourier analysis. He wrote
several short papers on topics in real
analysis.
`Fluctuating Functions'
 On Fluctuating Functions (Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy, volume 19 (1843), pp. 264321.)

In this paper, Hamilton sets out to explain the validity of the
Fourier inversion formula by means of a principle which he calls
the Principle of Fluctuation. He also uses this
principle to obtain generalizations of the Fourier Inversion
Formula. He also considers the representation of periodic
functions by Fourier series, and discusses various applications
of Fourier analysis.
 On Fluctuating Functions [Abstract] (Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 1 (1841), pp. 475477.)

This is a short abstract of the above paper on Fluctuating Functions.
Other Real Analysis Papers
 On the Error of a received Principle of Analysis, respecting Functions which vanish with their Variables (Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy, volume 16, part 1 (1830), pp. 6364.)

In this paper, Hamilton observes that the function equal to the
exponential of 1/x^{2} for positive values of the
real variable x cannot be expanded as a power series in
x, despite the fact that the function tends to the limit
zero as x tends to zero.
 Note to a Paper on the Error of a received Principle of Analysis (Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy, volume 16, part 2 (1831), pp. 129130.)

In this note Hamilton cites a paper by Cauchy, which had just
come to his attention, in which the function he had considered,
equal to the exponential of 1/x^{2} for positive
values of the real variable x, was given as an example of
a nonzero function with the property that the function and all
its derivatives vanish at zero.
 On Differences and Differentials of Functions of Zero (Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy, volume 17 (1837), pp. 235236.)

In this paper, Hamilton generalizes a theorem of John Herschel,
concerning the calculus of finite differences.
 On certain discontinuous Integrals, connected with the Development of the Radical which represents the Reciprocal of the Distance between two Points (Philosophical Magazine, 20 (1842), pp. 288294.)

In this paper, Hamilton considers the Taylor expansion of the reciprocal
of the distance between two points, considered as a function of the
distance of one of those points from the origin, obtaining expressions
for the coefficients of this Taylor series, viewed as functions of
the cosine of the angle between the two points as viewed from the origin.
 On an Expression for the Numbers of Bernoulli, by means of a Definite Integral; and on some connected Processes of Summation and Integration (Philosophical Magazine, 23 (1843), pp. 360367.)

In this paper, Hamilton obtains expressions for Bernoulli numbers
involving definite integrals.
 On the Calculation of the Numerical Values of a certain class of Multiple and Definite Integrals (Philosophical Magazine, 4th series, volume 14 (1857), pp. 375382.)

This is the first installment of an projected series of papers on
the numerical values of certain integrals. However no further
installments were published.
Links:
D.R. Wilkins
(dwilkins@maths.tcd.ie)
School of Mathematics
Trinity College, Dublin