A parameter uniform finite difference method for multiscale singularly perturbed linear dynamical systems

A system of singularly perturbed ordinary differential equations of first order with given initial conditions is considered. The leading term of each equation is multiplied by a small positive parameter. These parameters are assumed to be distinct and they determine the different scales in the solution to this problem. A Shishkin piecewise uniform mesh is constructed, which is used, in conjunction with a classical finite difference discretization, to form a new numerical method for solving this problem. It is proved that the numerical approximations obtained from this method are essentially first order convergent uniformly in all of the parameters. Numerical results are presented in support of the theory.